The temperature is different from the lumens. Temperature refers to the color quality of the light, whereas lumens is the actual brightness.
The reason whiter lights tend to also be brighter is that making a light that temperature really calls for LEDs. LEDs tend to be brighter than other bulb types.
But as others have pointed out, in car headlights, it has much more to do with the angle and height of the bulb and housing.
last three I do not know - only that the last one has something to do with money. Maybe someone can help here. Or you can just google it.
Edit: Thanks for the positive response. I am no proper mathematician or physicist. If you spot something that is not well described, let me know.
Be the change that you want to see in the world make it yourself
that 5 times in a row
Or you can just use this website and don't need to memorize all these numbers
Maybe! But my being right about something and my being biased aren't necessarily related. Maybe especially in my field.
I have a MDiv, a Masters in Divinity from a seminary and I am working as an Episcopal priest. Without even delving into the metaphysical, you and I could be disagreeing about history, what a certain writer's position was, maybe etymology. I almost certainly know more about those things than most people. And my believing that I know more about those things than most people is bias that might blind me to something in an argument.
Comparing that to the Dunning Kruger effect, someone with no training in theology might falsely assume they're an expert because they're a lifelong practicing adherent in their religion. But if that person and I disagree I might also falsely assume that I am just correct about something because I happen to have been to a lot of school for it.
I could be wrong about this infographic though. I have no training in cognitive bias, though I do own one of those little Oxford very brief introductions to it. And I think that the bias itself is decoupled from whether or not we are actually correct.